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PO.18357 PRIVATE ARTHUR DURHAM, ROYAL MARINE LIGHT INFANTRY : KILLED IN ACTION : HMS.'INVINCIBLE', BATTLE OF JUTLAND :

1914-15 Star; British War Medal; Victory Medal 1914-19 (PO.18357 Pte. RMLI.) : (ARTHUR DURHAM - Born 9 March 1897 at Bramley, Leeds, Yorkshire, a mill worker on the date of attestation for the Royal Marine Light Infantry, 7 January 1915 : Posted from the RM. Depot to Portsmouth Division on 7 July 1915 : Posted to HMS. 'Invincible' on 13 October 1915 and was still serving in the ship when it went into action at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916, where it was the flagship of Rear-Admiral Horace Hood's, 3rd.Battlecruiser Squadron : It had previously participated in the Battle of Heligoland Bight and at the Battle of the Falklands, where it and sister ship HMS. 'Inflexible' sank the German armoured cruisers 'Scharnhorst' and 'Gneisenau', without loss despite numerous hits by the German ships : At Jutland 'Invincible' together with 'Lion' and 'Inflexible' was engaged with the German Admiral Hipper's flagship, 'Lutzow' and the battlecruiser, 'Derfflinger' : 'Lutzow' quickly took ten hits from the British ships, including two below the waterline from 'Invincible' that would ultimately seal it's doom : However 'Invincible' abruptly appeared as a clear target before 'Lutzow' and 'Derfflinger' and the German ships each fired three salvoes from their main 12inch armaments, which hit 'Invincible' : At least one shell from the third salvo struck 'Invincible' on the midships 'Q' turret, tearing off the roof and detonating the midships magazine which blew the ship in half : The explosion also possibly ignited 'A' and 'X' magazines and 'Invincible' sank in ninety seconds : Of the ship's complement, 1026 Officers and men were killed, including Rear-Admiral Hood, only six survivors were picked up by HMS. 'Badger' : The recipient was the son of John and Mary Durham of 13 Aston Street, Bramley, Leeds and was just nineteen years of age at the time of his death. He has no known grave and is commemorated on the Portsmouth Naval Memorial.) : Sold with verification, copy Service Record and related research : Medals Court mounted for display purposes NEF - £595